For the use of offshore wind energy, a profound knowledge of the prevailing environmental conditions at existing and future sites is substantial. In the different project phases from planning to implementation to operation, different information is required. Fraunhofer IWES acquires, analyzes and evaluates all relevant environmental conditions for offshore power plants: wind, waves, currents and soil conditions.
The required site conditions depend on the respective project phase. In accordance with requirements specific information about the site from different sources is used. At an early time of planning Fraunhofer IWES creates an overall concept for the collection and analysis of data. In the design phase of the plant knowledge of design conditions like the extreme values of environmental parameters is essential for
estimating the loads on the turbines. Similarly, an exact knowledge about the soil conditions for the design of foundations is vital. For offshore wind farms a highly accurate acquisition of wind data at high altitudes and the combination of measured with modeled data allows more planning certainty for the wind farm layout.